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A CONTINUUM OF CARE

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Clinical Case Presentations

The Importance of Delaying Progression to Gain Control Thumb
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RAISE trial Design

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Frequently asked questions about CYRAMZA in metastatic NSCLC

PATIENT TYPES

CYRAMZA, in combination with docetaxel, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving CYRAMZA.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

CLINICAL TRIAL

REVEL was a pivotal phase III trial for CYRAMZA in combination with docetaxel (N=1253).

The phase III REVEL trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of CYRAMZA plus docetaxel vs placebo plus docetaxel in patients with metastatic NSCLC with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. Major efficacy outcome measure was overall survival. Supportive efficacy outcome measures were progression-free survival and objective response rate. All patients were required to have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 or 1. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either CYRAMZA 10 mg/kg (n=628) or placebo (n=625), in combination with docetaxel at 75 mg/m2 every 21 days.

View the complete study design for REVEL here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

The REVEL trial was not powered for subgroup analyses, nor were any such analyses error-controlled. The primary platinum-refractory population (n=360/N=1253) was a pre-specified subgroup in the REVEL trial; however, the subgroup of patients with limited time on initial platinum-based therapy (8 or 12 weeks; n=200/N=1253 and n=448/N=1253, respectively) was not pre-specified. Each subgroup analysis presented was exploratory. Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression analyses of OS and PFS were performed for all subgroups. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test assessed differences in ORR between treatment groups. Safety analyses were performed on both subsets of patients from the safety population, defined as all patients who had received at least one dose of study drug.

Aggressive disease is defined by those patients who were primary refractory to platinum-based therapy or who experienced limited time on initial platinum-based therapy (8 or 12 weeks).

View the complete study design for REVEL, including exploratory analysis, here.

EFFICACY

CYRAMZA plus docetaxel demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in OS vs docetaxel in the REVEL trial, where median OS with CYRAMZA plus docetaxel was 10.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.5, 11.2) vs 9.1 months (95% CI: 8.4, 10.0) with placebo plus docetaxel (hazard ratio 0.86 [95% CI: 0.75, 0.98]; P=0.024). The percentage of deaths at the time of analysis was 68% (428 patients) and 73% (456 patients) in the CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and placebo plus docetaxel arms, respectively.

View the complete study design for REVEL here.

View complete REVEL OS data here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

CYRAMZA plus docetaxel demonstrated a statistically significant delay in disease progression. Median progression-free survival (PFS) with CYRAMZA plus docetaxel was 4.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.2, 5.4) vs 3.0 months (95% CI: 2.8, 3.9) with placebo plus docetaxel (hazard ratio 0.76 [95% CI: 0.68, 0.86]; P<0.001). The percentage of events at the time of analysis was 89% (558 patients) and 93% (583 patients) in the CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and placebo plus docetaxel arms, respectively.

View a summary of the REVEL trial design here.

View complete REVEL PFS data here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

23% of patients randomized to CYRAMZA plus docetaxel achieved an objective response (95% confidence interval [CI]: 20, 26) vs 14% of patients randomized to placebo plus docetaxel (95% CI: 11, 17 [P<0.001]).

View the complete study design for REVEL here.

View complete REVEL ORR data here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

The OS, PFS, and ORR results were consistent between the ITT population and in patients with aggressive disease.

Median overall survival was 8.3 months (95% CI: 6.6, 9.8) in the CYRAMZA plus doctexal arm vs 6.3 months (95% CI: 5.1, 8.0) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm (unstratified HR 0.86 [95% CI]: 0.68, 1.08). The percentage of deaths at the time of analysis in the CYRAMZA plus docetaxel arm was 75% (134 patients) and 77% (141 patients) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm.

Median progression-free survival was 4.0 months (95% CI: 2.9, 4.4) in the CYRAMZA plus doctexal arm vs 2.5 months (95% CI: 1.6, 2.8) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm (unstratified HR 71 [95% CI]: 0.57, 0.88). The percentage of events at the time of analysis in the CYRAMZA plus docetaxel arm was 88% (156 patients) and 92% (168 patients) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm.

Objective response rate was 23% (95% CI: 17, 29) in the CYRAMZA plus doctexal arm vs 13% (95% CI: 8, 18) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm.

The REVEL trial was not adequately powered, nor error-controlled, for subgroup analyses. Treatment differences observed in these subgroups cannot be regarded as statistically significant. The analyses described here were exploratory.1,2

View the complete study design for REVEL, including ITT results, here.

View complete REVEL OS results in the aggressive disease subgroup here.

View complete REVEL PFS results in the aggressive disease subgroup here.

View complete REVEL ORR results in the aggressive disease subgroup here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

SAFETY

The most common serious adverse events observed with CYRAMZA plus docetaxel were febrile neutropenia (14%), pneumonia (6%), and neutropenia (5%). The use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors was 42% in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients versus 37% in patients who received placebo plus docetaxel.

In patients 65 years of age, there were 18 (8%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 9 (4%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel. In patients <65 years of age, there were 13 (3%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 26 (6%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel.

Treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred more frequently in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients (9%) than in placebo plus docetaxel-treated patients (5%). The most common adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation of CYRAMZA were infusion-related reaction (0.5%) and epistaxis (0.3%).

For patients with nonsquamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 7% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 6% overall incidence and 1% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel. For patients with squamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 10% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 2% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 12% overall incidence and 2% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel.

Clinically relevant adverse reactions reported in 1% and <5% of CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients in REVEL were hyponatremia (4.8% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 2.4% for placebo plus docetaxel) and proteinuria (3.3% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 0.8% placebo plus docetaxel).

View the adverse reaction profile for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel here.

The incidence of adverse events observed in the aggressive disease subpopulation was consistent with that observed in the total study population.

Discontinuation rates due to TEAE were 5% (n=9) in the CYRAMZA plus docetaxel arm vs 4% (n=7) in the placebo plus docetaxel arm.

View the adverse reaction profile for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel here.

For patients with nonsquamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 7% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 6% overall incidence and 1% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel. For patients with squamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 10% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 2% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 12% overall incidence and 2% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

NCCN Guidelines® Recommendations

NCCN Guidelines for mNSCLC V.5.2017 recommend ramucirumab (CYRAMZA) in combination with docetaxel as a subsequent treatment option for metastatic NSCLC. Category 2A: Based upon lower-level evidence, there is uniform NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

DOSING

The recommended dose of CYRAMZA is 10 mg/kg administered as a single infusion every 3 weeks. Infusion time is 60 minutes.

CYRAMZA is administered via intravenous (IV) infusion only. Do not administer as IV push or bolus. Continue CYRAMZA until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In the event of a grade 1 or 2 infusion-related reaction (IRR), reduce infusion rate by 50%.

  • Prior to each CYRAMZA infusion, premedicate all patients with an IV histamine H1 antagonist (eg, diphenhydramine hydrochloride)
  • For patients who have experienced a grade 1 or 2 IRR, also premedicate with dexamethasone (or equivalent) and acetaminophen prior to each CYRAMZA infusion
  • Administer CYRAMZA prior to administration of docetaxel (recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks, with an infusion time of 60 minutes)
  • Due to an increased incidence of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia, 24 patients in East Asia received a starting dose (of docetaxel) of 60 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
  • See docetaxel Prescribing Information for toxicities related to docetaxel and dosage recommendations

Dose modifications for specific patient populations or adverse events are included in the full Prescribing Information or are available to view here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

MECHANISM OF ACTION

CYRAMZA is a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) antagonist that specifically binds VEGFR2 and blocks binding of VEGFR ligands VEGF-A, VEGF-C, and VEGF-D. (As demonstrated in nonclinical studies.) CYRAMZA inhibited angiogenesis in an in vivo animal model.

Learn more about the MOA of CYRAMZA here.

For safety and dosing guidelines, see complete Warnings and Precautions, Adverse Reactions, and Dosage and Administration sections in the full Prescribing Information.

References: 1. Reck M, Paz-Ares L, Bidoli P, et al. Exploratory subgroup analysis of patients refractory to first-line chemotherapy from REVEL, a randomized phase III study of docetaxel with ramucirumab or placebo for second-line treatment of stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer. Poster presented at: Annual Meeting of American Society of Clinical Oncology; June 3-7, 2016; Chicago, IL. Abstract 9079. 2. Data on file. Eli Lilly and Company. ONC20170210a.

CYRAMZA® (ramucirumab), in combination with docetaxel, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving CYRAMZA.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR CYRAMZA

WARNING: HEMORRHAGE, GASTROINTESTINAL PERFORATION, AND IMPAIRED WOUND HEALING

Hemorrhage: CYRAMZA increased the risk of hemorrhage and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhagic events. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience severe bleeding.

Gastrointestinal Perforation: CYRAMZA can increase the risk of gastrointestinal perforation, a potentially fatal event. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a gastrointestinal perforation.

Impaired Wound Healing: Impaired wound healing can occur with antibodies inhibiting the VEGF pathway. Discontinue CYRAMZA therapy in patients with impaired wound healing. Withhold CYRAMZA prior to surgery and discontinue CYRAMZA if a patient develops wound healing complications.

Warnings and Precautions

Hemorrhage

  • CYRAMZA increased the risk of hemorrhage and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhagic events. In study 3, which evaluated CYRAMZA plus docetaxel in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the incidence of severe bleeding was 2.4% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 2.3% for placebo plus docetaxel. Patients with NSCLC receiving therapeutic anticoagulation or chronic therapy with NSAIDs or other antiplatelet therapy other than once-daily aspirin or with radiographic evidence of major airway or blood vessel invasion or intratumor cavitation were excluded from study 3; therefore, the risk of pulmonary hemorrhage in these groups of patients is unknown. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience severe bleeding.

Arterial Thromboembolic Events (ATEs)

  • Serious, sometimes fatal, ATEs including myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accident, and cerebral ischemia occurred in clinical trials. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a severe ATE.

Hypertension

  • An increased incidence of severe hypertension occurred in patients receiving CYRAMZA plus docetaxel (6%) as compared to placebo plus docetaxel (2%). Control hypertension prior to initiating treatment with CYRAMZA. Monitor blood pressure every 2 weeks or more frequently as indicated during treatment. Temporarily suspend CYRAMZA for severe hypertension until medically controlled. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA if medically significant hypertension cannot be controlled with antihypertensive therapy or in patients with hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.

Infusion-Related Reactions (IRRs)

  • Prior to the institution of premedication recommendations across clinical trials of CYRAMZA, IRRs occurred in 6 out of 37 patients (16%), including 2 severe events. The majority of IRRs across trials occurred during or following a first or second CYRAMZA infusion. Symptoms of IRRs included rigors/tremors, back pain/spasms, chest pain and/or tightness, chills, flushing, dyspnea, wheezing, hypoxia, and paresthesia. In severe cases, symptoms included bronchospasm, supraventricular tachycardia, and hypotension. Monitor patients during the infusion for signs and symptoms of IRRs in a setting with available resuscitation equipment. Immediately and permanently discontinue CYRAMZA for grade 3 or 4 IRRs.

Gastrointestinal Perforations

  • CYRAMZA is an antiangiogenic therapy that can increase the risk of gastrointestinal perforation, a potentially fatal event. In study 3, the incidence of gastrointestinal perforation was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 0.3% for placebo plus docetaxel. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a gastrointestinal perforation.

Impaired Wound Healing

  • Impaired wound healing can occur with antibodies inhibiting the VEGF pathway. CYRAMZA has not been studied in patients with serious or nonhealing wounds. CYRAMZA, as an antiangiogenic therapy, has the potential to adversely affect wound healing. Discontinue CYRAMZA therapy in patients with impaired wound healing. Withhold CYRAMZA prior to surgery. Resume CYRAMZA following the surgical intervention based on clinical judgment of adequate wound healing. If a patient develops wound healing complications during therapy, discontinue CYRAMZA until the wound is fully healed.

Clinical Deterioration in Child-Pugh B or C Cirrhosis

  • Clinical deterioration, manifested by new onset or worsening encephalopathy, ascites, or hepatorenal syndrome, was reported in patients with Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis who received single-agent CYRAMZA. Use CYRAMZA in patients with Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis only if the potential benefits of treatment are judged to outweigh the risks of clinical deterioration.

Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

  • RPLS has been reported at a rate of <0.1% in clinical studies with CYRAMZA. Confirm the diagnosis of RPLS with MRI and discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who develop RPLS. Symptoms may resolve or improve within days, although some patients with RPLS can experience ongoing neurologic sequelae or death.

Proteinuria Including Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Monitor proteinuria by urine dipstick and/or urinary protein creatinine ratio for the development of worsening of proteinuria during CYRAMZA therapy. Withhold CYRAMZA for urine protein levels that are 2 g over 24 hours. Reinitiate CYRAMZA at a reduced dose once the urine protein level returns to <2 g over 24 hours. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA for urine protein levels >3 g over 24 hours or in the setting of nephrotic syndrome.

Thyroid Dysfunction

  • Monitor thyroid function during treatment with CYRAMZA.

Embryofetal Toxicity

  • Based on its mechanism of action, CYRAMZA can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. Animal models link angiogenesis, VEGF, and VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with CYRAMZA and for at least 3 months after the last dose of CYRAMZA.

Most Common Adverse Reactions

  • The most commonly reported adverse reactions (all grades; grade 3/4) occurring in 5% of patients receiving CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 2% higher than placebo plus docetaxel in study 3 were neutropenia (55% vs 46%; 49% vs 40%), fatigue/asthenia (55% vs 50%; 14% vs 11%), stomatitis/mucosal inflammation (37% vs 19%; 7% vs 2%), epistaxis (19% vs 7%; <1% vs <1%), febrile neutropenia (16% vs 10%; 16% vs 10%), peripheral edema (16% vs 9%; 0% vs <1%), thrombocytopenia (13% vs 5%; 3% vs <1%), lacrimation increased (13% vs 5%; <1% vs 0%), and hypertension (11% vs 5%; 6% vs 2%).
  • The most common serious adverse events with CYRAMZA plus docetaxel in study 3 were febrile neutropenia (14%), pneumonia (6%), and neutropenia (5%). The use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors was 42% in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients versus 37% in patients who received placebo plus docetaxel.
  • In patients 65 years of age, there were 18 (8%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 9 (4%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel. In patients <65 years of age, there were 13 (3%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 26 (6%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel.
  • Treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred more frequently in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients (9%) than in placebo plus docetaxel-treated patients (5%). The most common adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation of CYRAMZA were infusion-related reaction (0.5%) and epistaxis (0.3%).
  • For patients with nonsquamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 7% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 6% overall incidence and 1% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel. For patients with squamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 10% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 2% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 12% overall incidence and 2% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel.
  • Clinically relevant adverse reactions reported in 1% and <5% of CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients in study 3 were hyponatremia (4.8% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 2.4% for placebo plus docetaxel) and proteinuria (3.3% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 0.8% placebo plus docetaxel).

Drug Interactions

  • No pharmacokinetic interactions were observed between ramucirumab and docetaxel.

Use in Specific Populations

  • Pregnancy: Based on its mechanism of action, CYRAMZA can cause fetal harm. Animal models link angiogenesis, VEGF, and VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. There are no available data on CYRAMZA use in pregnant women to inform any drug-associated risks. No animal studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of ramucirumab on reproduction and fetal development. Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk for maintaining pregnancy, risk to the fetus, and risk to newborn and infant development, and to use effective contraception during CYRAMZA therapy and for at least 3 months following the last dose of CYRAMZA.
  • Lactation: Because of the potential risk for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from ramucirumab, advise women that breastfeeding is not recommended during treatment with CYRAMZA.
  • Females of Reproductive Potential: Advise females of reproductive potential that based on animal data CYRAMZA may impair fertility.

Please see full Prescribing Information for CYRAMZA, including Boxed Warnings for hemorrhage, gastrointestinal perforation, and impaired wound healing.

RB-L HCP ISI 17SEP2015

INDICATION AND IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

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INDICATION AND IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR CYRAMZA

WARNING: HEMORRHAGE, GASTROINTESTINAL PERFORATION, AND IMPAIRED WOUND HEALING

Hemorrhage: CYRAMZA increased the risk of hemorrhage and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhagic events. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience severe bleeding.

Gastrointestinal Perforation: CYRAMZA can increase the risk of gastrointestinal perforation, a potentially fatal event. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a gastrointestinal perforation.

Impaired Wound Healing: Impaired wound healing can occur with antibodies inhibiting the VEGF pathway. Discontinue CYRAMZA therapy in patients with impaired wound healing. Withhold CYRAMZA prior to surgery and discontinue CYRAMZA if a patient develops wound healing complications.

Warnings and Precautions

Hemorrhage

  • CYRAMZA increased the risk of hemorrhage and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhagic events. In study 3, which evaluated CYRAMZA plus docetaxel in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the incidence of severe bleeding was 2.4% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 2.3% for placebo plus docetaxel. Patients with NSCLC receiving therapeutic anticoagulation or chronic therapy with NSAIDs or other antiplatelet therapy other than once-daily aspirin or with radiographic evidence of major airway or blood vessel invasion or intratumor cavitation were excluded from study 3; therefore, the risk of pulmonary hemorrhage in these groups of patients is unknown. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience severe bleeding.

Arterial Thromboembolic Events (ATEs)

  • Serious, sometimes fatal, ATEs including myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accident, and cerebral ischemia occurred in clinical trials. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a severe ATE.

Hypertension

  • An increased incidence of severe hypertension occurred in patients receiving CYRAMZA plus docetaxel (6%) as compared to placebo plus docetaxel (2%). Control hypertension prior to initiating treatment with CYRAMZA. Monitor blood pressure every 2 weeks or more frequently as indicated during treatment. Temporarily suspend CYRAMZA for severe hypertension until medically controlled. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA if medically significant hypertension cannot be controlled with antihypertensive therapy or in patients with hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.

Infusion-Related Reactions (IRRs)

  • Prior to the institution of premedication recommendations across clinical trials of CYRAMZA, IRRs occurred in 6 out of 37 patients (16%), including 2 severe events. The majority of IRRs across trials occurred during or following a first or second CYRAMZA infusion. Symptoms of IRRs included rigors/tremors, back pain/spasms, chest pain and/or tightness, chills, flushing, dyspnea, wheezing, hypoxia, and paresthesia. In severe cases, symptoms included bronchospasm, supraventricular tachycardia, and hypotension. Monitor patients during the infusion for signs and symptoms of IRRs in a setting with available resuscitation equipment. Immediately and permanently discontinue CYRAMZA for grade 3 or 4 IRRs.

Gastrointestinal Perforations

  • CYRAMZA is an antiangiogenic therapy that can increase the risk of gastrointestinal perforation, a potentially fatal event. In study 3, the incidence of gastrointestinal perforation was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 0.3% for placebo plus docetaxel. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who experience a gastrointestinal perforation.

Impaired Wound Healing

  • Impaired wound healing can occur with antibodies inhibiting the VEGF pathway. CYRAMZA has not been studied in patients with serious or nonhealing wounds. CYRAMZA, as an antiangiogenic therapy, has the potential to adversely affect wound healing. Discontinue CYRAMZA therapy in patients with impaired wound healing. Withhold CYRAMZA prior to surgery. Resume CYRAMZA following the surgical intervention based on clinical judgment of adequate wound healing. If a patient develops wound healing complications during therapy, discontinue CYRAMZA until the wound is fully healed.

Clinical Deterioration in Child-Pugh B or C Cirrhosis

  • Clinical deterioration, manifested by new onset or worsening encephalopathy, ascites, or hepatorenal syndrome, was reported in patients with Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis who received single-agent CYRAMZA. Use CYRAMZA in patients with Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis only if the potential benefits of treatment are judged to outweigh the risks of clinical deterioration.

Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

  • RPLS has been reported at a rate of <0.1% in clinical studies with CYRAMZA. Confirm the diagnosis of RPLS with MRI and discontinue CYRAMZA in patients who develop RPLS. Symptoms may resolve or improve within days, although some patients with RPLS can experience ongoing neurologic sequelae or death.

Proteinuria Including Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Monitor proteinuria by urine dipstick and/or urinary protein creatinine ratio for the development of worsening of proteinuria during CYRAMZA therapy. Withhold CYRAMZA for urine protein levels that are 2 g over 24 hours. Reinitiate CYRAMZA at a reduced dose once the urine protein level returns to <2 g over 24 hours. Permanently discontinue CYRAMZA for urine protein levels >3 g over 24 hours or in the setting of nephrotic syndrome.

Thyroid Dysfunction

  • Monitor thyroid function during treatment with CYRAMZA.

Embryofetal Toxicity

  • Based on its mechanism of action, CYRAMZA can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. Animal models link angiogenesis, VEGF, and VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with CYRAMZA and for at least 3 months after the last dose of CYRAMZA.

Most Common Adverse Reactions

  • The most commonly reported adverse reactions (all grades; grade 3/4) occurring in 5% of patients receiving CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 2% higher than placebo plus docetaxel in study 3 were neutropenia (55% vs 46%; 49% vs 40%), fatigue/asthenia (55% vs 50%; 14% vs 11%), stomatitis/mucosal inflammation (37% vs 19%; 7% vs 2%), epistaxis (19% vs 7%; <1% vs <1%), febrile neutropenia (16% vs 10%; 16% vs 10%), peripheral edema (16% vs 9%; 0% vs <1%), thrombocytopenia (13% vs 5%; 3% vs <1%), lacrimation increased (13% vs 5%; <1% vs 0%), and hypertension (11% vs 5%; 6% vs 2%).
  • The most common serious adverse events with CYRAMZA plus docetaxel in study 3 were febrile neutropenia (14%), pneumonia (6%), and neutropenia (5%). The use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors was 42% in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients versus 37% in patients who received placebo plus docetaxel.
  • In patients 65 years of age, there were 18 (8%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 9 (4%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel. In patients <65 years of age, there were 13 (3%) deaths on treatment or within 30 days of discontinuation for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel and 26 (6%) deaths for placebo plus docetaxel.
  • Treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred more frequently in CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients (9%) than in placebo plus docetaxel-treated patients (5%). The most common adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation of CYRAMZA were infusion-related reaction (0.5%) and epistaxis (0.3%).
  • For patients with nonsquamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 7% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 1% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 6% overall incidence and 1% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel. For patients with squamous histology, the overall incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 10% and the incidence of grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage was 2% for CYRAMZA plus docetaxel compared to 12% overall incidence and 2% for grade 3 pulmonary hemorrhage for placebo plus docetaxel.
  • Clinically relevant adverse reactions reported in 1% and <5% of CYRAMZA plus docetaxel-treated patients in study 3 were hyponatremia (4.8% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 2.4% for placebo plus docetaxel) and proteinuria (3.3% CYRAMZA plus docetaxel versus 0.8% placebo plus docetaxel).

Drug Interactions

  • No pharmacokinetic interactions were observed between ramucirumab and docetaxel.

Use in Specific Populations

  • Pregnancy: Based on its mechanism of action, CYRAMZA can cause fetal harm. Animal models link angiogenesis, VEGF, and VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. There are no available data on CYRAMZA use in pregnant women to inform any drug-associated risks. No animal studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of ramucirumab on reproduction and fetal development. Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk for maintaining pregnancy, risk to the fetus, and risk to newborn and infant development, and to use effective contraception during CYRAMZA therapy and for at least 3 months following the last dose of CYRAMZA.
  • Lactation: Because of the potential risk for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from ramucirumab, advise women that breastfeeding is not recommended during treatment with CYRAMZA.
  • Females of Reproductive Potential: Advise females of reproductive potential that based on animal data CYRAMZA may impair fertility.

Please see full Prescribing Information for CYRAMZA, including Boxed Warnings for hemorrhage, gastrointestinal perforation, and impaired wound healing.

RB-L HCP ISI 17SEP2015

INDICATIONS

Advanced gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma

CYRAMZA® (ramucirumab) as a single agent, or in combination with paclitaxel, is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma with disease progression on or after prior fluoropyrimidine- or platinum-containing chemotherapy.